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Camels may be the descendants of animals belonging to the in-
habitants of those cities. A strayed herd of Camels has established
itself in a feral state in Spain, Otherwise the genus does not
occur in Europe. The Camels are also represented in the "Nev,
World. The genus Lama, {Auchenia of many authors) belongs tc
this family. These Camels differ from their allies in the Old
World by their smaller size, by the absence of the characteristic
hump, and by the dropping of one premolar, the dental formula

FIG. 148.óBactriaa Camel.     Camelus bactrianus.    x^j-.
being otherwise similar, A variety of names, Lama, Alpaca,
Huanaco, Vicuna, have been applied to these animals; but it
appears that the names are in excess of the number of the species.
Mr, Thomas, who has lately inquired into the matter, will only
allow two, the Huanaco, .Zama huanacos, of which there are two
domestic xaces, the llama an4 the Alpaca, and the Vicuna, Zama
mcnffna. They are both South American in range. JSTot only is
tibexe a herd of escaped Camels in Spain, but the Spaniards
introduce and acclimatise the useful ILama. The first
©ver men in Europe was brought in the year 1558 to